The damage caused in the US per year by termite castes is huge and accounts to over $2 billion every year. This is more than the damage caused by windstorms and fires. Moreover, subterranean termites happen to be the most destructive insect pests of the wood in the world.
However, having said that, it is also important to realize that certain termite species are important to us and the environment. They work to break down bush waste, dead trees, and other important materials. Termites have a natural hunger for dead or dying good. They also present a serious risk to building home owners when they build new structures, homes, and other warehouses.
Termites are a social insect. They are quite similar to ants in their habits of living with each other and their size is usually small. Termites actually have a colony or caste and they are considered as the kings of the family. Every colony grows in excess in millions. Imagine the damage that this can do to your woods but it is true.
The Queen And King
The queen and king are the original winged reproductives that give birth to more in their family. They are responsible for reproduction and they function as the colony in reproduction. Once one is born out of them, they drop to the ground and they shed their wings and then choose a suitable nesting site for themselves.
The king and queen are, therefore, responsible for the egg that bears thousands and millions of these termites. The queen here is responsible for egg laying and it is believed that the daily egg production is more than 2000! The kings and queens spend about 20 years living and they generally tend to have a long life. Their colony then starts selecting to develop the reproductives that have to assist them in their duties.
Workers and Soldiers
On the other hand, there are workers and soldiers too. The workers are the males and females through which production is conducted. They are the highest number of individuals in a colony and they conduct all the tasks except for defense and reproduction. Workers tend to work in the colony by feeding castes, grooming the kings and queens and doing other favors. Soldiers, on the contrary, are different than workers because even though they resemble them in appearance, they have well-developed heads and they serve the function of defending the colony against invaders, primarily ants, and other termites.
Reproductives are final members of the colony and they have sexual organs so they can perform sexual functions. They are known as the future kings and queens of the family. Reproductives grow by shedding skin till they are back in their full state.
How Do They Function
Termites function by the construction of tunnels both underground and over the edges of the concrete slabs. They move around these to complete their function well by moving, damaging and destructing along the way.
Termites are dangerous as they destroy wood and cause other damage. If you live close to a place where there is wood, it is better to learn and realize how termites and termite castes work.